Books That Haunt: Crime and Punishment

Each Tuesday, until I decide otherwise, TruePravda will feature a different book in the Books That Haunt series. You can view all posts from this series here.

There are certain characters in the canon of Western literature that are instantly recognizable by mention of their surname. The names of Crusoe, Nemo, Copperfield, Ahab, Sawyer—all evoke the setting and aura that their respective authors intended for them. But if Ahab evokes a whale, and Sawyer a picket fence, what in the world does the name Raskolnikov bring to mind?

The protagonist of Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov conjures up a cacophony of paranoia, guilt conceit, and—to some extent—redemption. Rodion Raskolnikov is a student, who in an act of sheer will-to-power, murders an elderly moneylender (sorry for the mild spoiler, but it doesn’t take long to get to the murder). Raskolnikov rationalizes his action as moral because he considers himself of greater worth than the old woman he killed.

It is from this point that an investigation ensues—but rather than a mere detective story, Dostoevsky in his psychological brilliance gives us an investigation into the mind of the criminal. Only Poe’s “The Telltale Heart” comes close to portraying the pangs of conscience as well as is done with Raskolnikov.

On many levels Raskolnikov is in denial. He is poor–just as poor as the poor people he encounters on the streets of St. Petersburg. However, in Raskolnikov’s mind he is better than them because he is a “student”—a sentiment not lost on many a college student today. As his walls of self-denial crumble, so too do the walls of association with others much different from himself.

Dissertation upon dissertation (in the areas of psychology, philosophy, and literature) could be written of Crime and Punishment, yet it remains as Dostoevsky’s most readable works. There’s scarcely a dull section—which is a lot to say for a nineteenth century Russian novel.

The haunting of Crime and Punishment comes when one juxtaposes oneself with murderous Raskolnikov. The way Dostoevsky writes him makes readers wonder just how far removed they are from becoming Raskolnikovs themselves. In a culture where conscience has all but been eradicated, we need to read Crime and Punishment now more than ever.

4 thoughts on “Books That Haunt: <i>Crime and Punishment</i>”

  1. Dostoevsky is one of my favorite authors. I commented before on your post on “The Brothers Karamozov”. C&P is an amazing book. No one in the story, except the girl who eventually redeems Raskolnikov, understands him. His friend and his mother and sister, are all well-meaning (and fascinating characters in themselves), yet none of them see who he really is. Kierkegaard uses a term, inclosing reserve, to describe people who hide their true feelings and only reveal to others the image of themself they want to. This describes Raskolnikov almost perfectly. Inside he is an absolute mess. Yet the image he lets everyone see is one of confidence and superiority. I love the dichotomy of Raskolnikov. I thoroughly enjoy the dialogue between Raskolnikov and the inspector. True brilliance. Dostoevsky is truly one of the greatest writers of the human mind of all time.

  2. Crime and Punishment is one of my favorite books too — and it still terrorizes me with the fact that continually thinking about doing a crime can actually lead to the crime. What seemed outragous at first, Raskolnikov eventually does.

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